Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolic Disorders Open Access ISSN : 2456-3765
Food Management in Diabetic Patients
  • Ram Mohan

    Ram Mohan, Department of Medicine, Mamatha medical college, India. Email: ram@gmail.com

Received: 20-08-2019

Accepted: 15-09-2019

Published: 17-09-2019

Citation: Ram Mohan (2019) Food Management in Diabetic Patients, Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 5: 05-07

Copyrights: © 2019 Ram Mohan


Diabetes is the condition, where the human body does not process the intake of food properly that which is converted into energy.


This occurs when sugar levels in our body is too high.


There are three types of diabetes.


  1. Type1 diabetes
  2. Type2 diabetes
  3. Gestational diabetes


According to the research conducted in 2019, 4.2 million deaths occurred due to diabetes.


Nearly 463 million adults are affected with diabetes.


TYPE 1 Diabetes:

There is nothing strange in having a type1diabeties. it may occur at any age.here, in this condition body does not produce insulin .Body breaks the carbs that you eat With the help of insulin therapy, everyone can learn how to manage their lives and maintain health condition in a proper way. Stress is one such thing which is a natural part of fitting with type1 diabetes. You may experience stress, anxiety, depression. One should know strategy for balancing food, insulin doses and knowledge regarding physical activity to maintain sugar levels control. Type 1 diabetes can be managed by maintaining proper health diet and exercise.


Type 2 Diabetes: this is a common form of diabetes.in this condition, body doesnot use insulin properly. Few people may control this by maintain proper diet and exercise, where else few need proper medication to control it. Fitness and maintaining proper diet are key parts to manage type2 diabetes. A little exercise is must needed every day. Journey of having this type of diabetes may not be unique to all the people. this may differ from one person to other.


The main key is to find activities daily that you can love and do them regularly. Maintain proper notes that how much time you are spending time on gym/exercises and by maintain proper diet and physical activity very often one can fight with type 2 diabetes.


Following are few best foods that are best for diabetic patients:


1. EGGS: Intake of eggs promotes good blood sugar control and these contains much proteins

2. FATTY FISH: fish contains omega3 fats that which reduces inflammation.

3. CHIA SEEDS: they are rich in fiber content and doesn’t let rise in sugar levels.

4. NUTS: Nuts such as cashew, almonds, walnuts, pecans haw low in digestible carbs and helps to reduce sugar levels.

5. BROCCOLI: This is one such food which contains rich nutrient valve and with a low calories.

6. FLAX SEEDS: Flax seeds decreases sugar levels and increase insulin sensitivity.

7. STRAWBERRIES: These contain high nutrients value in it with low sugar values.


Major signs of diabetes: frequent urination, feeling thirst, fatigue, blurred vision.


Diabetes and heart diseases are closely related. Diabetes causes high level of blood sugar and which leads to increase cholesterol and that may lead to heart attack similar to heart diseases, diabetes may also effect on other body parts such as nerves, eyes, digestion, and skin.


  1. Mahendra Kumar Sahu, Vijay Kumar Singh, S. Prakash Rao (2018) Development and Evaluation of Antidiabetic Potential of Polyherbal Formulation in Streptozotocin Induced Animal Model, Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 20-30.
  2. Milind G. Ruke (2018) Management of diabetic foot and amputations due to diabetes: Role of prostheses and orthoses, Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 16-19
  3. Guilford BL, Leey JA ,Strassels SA, Rai A, Herndon CM (2018) Is Impaired Hypoglycemia Awareness Associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Diabetic Patients?. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 16-23.
  4. Siegel EG, Platten I, Kraft M , Lorenzo Bermejo J, Hasslacher C (2018) Composition of intestinal microbiome and barrier function in Type 2 diabetic patients and nondiabetic controls. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 10-15.
  5. Alok Raghav, Jamal Ahmad (2018) Diabetes mellitus and foot ulcer: Always challenge to society. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 5-9
  6. Francisco J. Sanchez-Muniz, Garcia Quismondo A, Del Canizo FJ (2018) C Reactive Protein And Obesity In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients From The Dicariva Study . Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 4: 1-4.
  7. Ana Paulina Barba de la Rosa, Erik Elvin Gómez-Cardona, Eric Edmundo Hernández-Domìnguez, José Ángel Huerta-Ocampo, Hugo Jiménez-Islas etal., (2017) Effect of amaranth consumption on diabetes-related biomarkers in patients with diabetes Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 3: 5-10
  8. Ying Hua Gao-Balch (2016) Nutrients with Binge Drinking in the College Students, Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 47-49.
  9. DeGeeter M, Williamson BJ, Meadowcraft LM (2016) A review of the current literature and guidance for treatment of the dawn phenomenon and glycemic variability, Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100115.
  10. Khalida A (2016) Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, a Study among Population of Adults in Tebessa (City of Eastern Algeria). Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100106.
  11. Askari G (2016) The effect of anthocyanin supplementation on systolic and diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure in athletes. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100107.
  12. Maghsoudi Z (2016) The effect of resveratrol supplementation on malondialdehyde, TNFα and interlukine-2 in elite female volleyball players. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100108.
  13. Ghiasvand R, Maghsoudi Z, Darvishi L, Shoaei T (2016) The effect of jujube powder on several digestive symptoms and C-reactive protein in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100109.
  14. Nourian M, Maghsoudi Z, Shirani F (2016) Assessment of mineral intake in Adolescent School Children of Isfahan. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100110.
  15. Maghsoudi Z, Foroughi M, Askari G (2016) The effect of vitamin D supplementation on body composition parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100111.
  16. Kevin GC (2015) Diabetes: What the Past tells us about the Future. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 1: 100101.
  17. Latifi SM (2015) Efficiency of Anthropometric Indices in Predicting Metabolic Syndrome among Adult Population of Ahvaz, Iran. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 1: 100102.
  18. Dixit AK (2015) Let the Sunshine In: Therapeutic Prospects of Vitamin D in Diabetology. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 1: 100103.
  19. Fabiane Gomes de Moraes Rego (2016) Polymorphisms in the Fat Mass and Obesity Associated (FTO) and Transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) genes in Euro-Brazilian individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100104.
  20. Maghsoudi Z (2016) The role of flax seed in prevention and management of diabetes mellitus type I and type II. Diab Obes Metab Disor OA 2: 100105.

Table of Contents
Signup to recive email updatesx